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Page history last edited by PBworks 16 years, 6 months ago

Author: Moses was the author of the Book of Exodus (Exodus 17:14; 24:4-7; 34:27).



Date of Writing: The Book of Exodus was written between 1440 and 1400 B.C.



Purpose of Writing: In God's timing, the exodus marked the end of a period of oppression for Abraham's descendants (Genesis 15:13), and constituted the beginning of the fulfillment of the covenant promise to Abraham that his descendants would not only live in the Promise Land, but would also multiply and become a great nation (Genesis 12:1-3, 7). The purpose of the book may be expressed or stated as tracing the rapid growth of Jacob's descendants from Egypt to the establishment of the theocratic nation in their Promised Land.



Key Verses: Exodus 1:8, "Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt."


Exodus 2:24-25, "God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob. So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them."


Exodus 12:27, "'It is the Passover sacrifice to the LORD, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.'" Then the people bowed down and worshiped."


Exodus 20:2-3, "I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me."



Brief Summary: Exodus continues what began in Genesis as God deals with His chosen people, the Jews. It traces the events from the time Israel entered Egypt as guests, until they were eventually delivered from the cruel bondage of slavery into which they had been brought by "...a new king...which knew not Joseph" (Exodus 1:8).


The theme of redemption, or salvation, is expressed in both the Passover and the crossing of the Red Sea (Exodus 14:13). Other major themes are the making of a covenant between God and Israel (Exodus 19:5-8), the accompanying laws which are part of the covenant (Exodus 20-24), and the worship of God as expressed through the construction and use of the sacred tent of meeting with its furniture, sacrifices, and ceremonies. (This tent was also referred to as The Tabernacle).


By God's self-revelation, the Israelites were instructed in the sovereignty and majesty, the goodness and holiness, and the grace and mercy of their Lord, the One and only God of heaven and earth (Exodus 3, 6, 33, 34). The account of the Exodus and the events that followed are also the subject of other major biblical revelation (compare Psalms 105:25-45; 106: 6-27; Acts 7:17-44; 1 Corinthians 10:1-13; Hebrews 9:1-6; 11:23-29).



Practical Application: If we trust in the Lord, He can deliver us from anything. God does not allow sin to go unpunished forever. As a result, we can trust Him in His retribution and justice. When God removes us from a bad situation, we should not seek to go back. When God makes demands of us, He expects us to obey - but at the same time He provides grace and mercy because He knows that we will not always be able to fully obey.



Recommended Resources: Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers Holman Old Testament Commentary by Glen Martin.

Exodus NIV Application Commentary by Peter Enns


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